Mozambique

  • Literacy cours in the Sofala region

  • Project “Inclusive Adult Education” for people with disabilities

  • Project “Inclusive Adult Education” for people with disabilities

  • REFLECT Training in the city of Beira

Since 2008, DVV International has been active in Mozambique – since 2010 with its own country office – where it develops specially innovative and needs-oriented literacy offers.

Mozambique is one of the poorest countries in the world. Out of 187 countries, it is in place 178 on the Human Development Index of the United Nations (2014), and the illiteracy rate is at about 43.9 percent, but it is much higher among women than among men.

In Mozambique there have been serious efforts since 1975, through various campaigns, to improve the basic elements of school education and the requirements for adult education through literacy programmes. These efforts were, however, interrupted by the civil war. Only after a period of relative insignificance, which was reinforced by the policies of international donors, and especially by the World Bank, adult education received increased government attention at the beginning of the 21st century. However, there are significant deficiencies in the quality of training for literacy teachers; the daily needs of the people are not included in the curriculum and literacy is almost exclusively taught in Portuguese and not in the native languages of the population.

Main focus of work

Support for women in rural areas: As part of the project Female Literacy in Angola and Mozambique (FELITAMO), DVV International has developed a needs-based curriculum for literacy, especially for women in rural areas. This is so that their income situation can be improved and food security for the rural population is supported. This innovative approach has already found application in the national curriculum for adult education in Mozambique.

Inclusive Programme: To optimise the literacy activities, a literacy model was developed in which non-formal vocational aspects are involved, such as fishing, agriculture and small business. This project is still in the pilot phase.

Inclusive adult education: To enable people with disabilities to access education and to promote their integration into society, the institute, with its partners, developed needs-based literacy measures to strengthen the work of civil society and sensitise the policy-makers for this topic. In this way the issue could increasingly be injected into official discourse and will now be included as part of national literacy strategy.

Advising the Education Ministry of Mozambique within the framework of national literacy strategy: The innovative approaches of DVV International and its partners serve as landmarks and support the work of adult education in Mozambique by being included in official discourses and the National Curriculum for Adult Education at the teacher training institutions. In particular, a dialogue between government and civil society is encouraged.

Partners

The most important partners in Mozambique at the political level are the Ministry of Education of Mozambique, with the Department of Adult Education (DINEA), as well the Institute for Training of Adult Educators (IFEA). In addition, DVV International primarily works with civil society partners, including the Education for All Network in Mozambique (MEPT), the Association of Disadvantaged Women in the Sugar Industry (AMUDEIA), and the organisation Action for Community Development (ASADEC), which implement literacy courses in various provinces. As part of the project on inclusive adult education, important partners are the Association of Blind and Visually Impaired of Mozambique (ACAMO) and the Association of Disabled Persons of Mozambique (ADEMO).