The Lower House of the Tajik Parliament adopted a Law on Adult Education on 26 October 2016. The Central Asian country has thus created a legal foundation for adult education for the first time ever. DVV International has supported the process of drafting and adopting the Law on Adult Education over the last two years through a policy advice project.
The Law creates for the first time the possibility for individual citizens to have work skills that they have obtained in informal and non-formal settings certified by suitable state agencies. This is particularly significant for Tajikistan, a country in which labour migration processes play a major economic role. Thousands of individuals who have never attended a formal vocational training institution and do not have a vocational training qualification will now be enabled to have work skills and knowledge which they have obtained through practical work or individual private instruction recognised and certified by a state-recognised qualification certificate. This will enable them to considerably increase their competitiveness on the labour market (locally or in the migration destination countries), as well as enhancing the potential to make their own livelihoods.
DVV International has supported the lawmaking process over the last two years through a policy advice project. Thanks to international advisors and technical expertise, a draft Bill was created which was the subject of active discussion, firstly in broad expert circles, and then with Members of Parliament. The Parliamentarian Nurullo Oqilzoda (see photo) and the Tajik Adult Education Association became the Law’s most important advocates. Thanks to attendance at international conferences (including the 2016 Adult Education Conference in Berlin) and to other events within the project, it was possible for key players to provide competent analysis in the drafting process of the strengths and weaknesses of the Tajik draft Bill and receive recommendations on this from international colleagues. The main part of the work was brought to a successful conclusion on 26 October. The Upper House of Parliament is expected to pass the Bill.
The project work carried out by DVV International in the partner countries is promoted by the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ), and pursues a three-tier approach. The work at macro level aims to improve the framework for adult education, primarily in the interest of the weaker groups within societies. The recent example from Tajikistan documents DVV International’s successful project work at political level.