DVV International has had a country office in Rabat since 2008. During the Arab Spring, thousands of people also took to the streets in Morocco for democracy, freedom and human rights. In July 2011, the people voted overwhelmingly in favour of a new democratic constitution, which limits the power of the king in favour of the civil government. Since then, the situation in the country is stable, but is perceived as being a period of transition with an uncertain outcome.
Social differences in Morocco are enormous: the proportion of poor people in rural areas – 22 percent – is almost twice as high as the national average. The illiteracy rate is estimated at around 40 percent, however 73 percent of women in rural areas are classified as illiterate.
The government is trying to counter the lack of education for disadvantaged groups. An important step here is literacy for the people. Therefore, since 2004, there has been a strategy for literacy and non-formal education as well as a national development initiative. Weaknesses in the implementation are in the training of technical staff and the lack of attendance in the daily literacy courses.
Adult education centres: DVV International supports the establishment of four adult education centres (Universités Pour Tous) in Rabat, Casablanca, Marrakech and Fez, including advice and exchange with German Volkshochschulen. More adult education centres, in Ksar Kebir, and Benguerir, are being established. In the medium-term, in Morocco, a system of adult education centres similar to the Volkshochschulen system should be established. DVV International supports the concept of a national framework for the networking and the municipal and national anchoring of Universités Pour Tous. In addition, the Institute promotes the work of community centres (Centre d'Apprentissage Communautaire – CAC) in the province of Er-Rachidia, with the aim to expand their offers, to improve teaching methods, and integrate the centres into a nationwide system of adult education.
Literacy: With help from DVV International, a network has emerged of adult educators and non-governmental organisations (NGOs) that work with the REFLECT method, which combines literacy with attention to the current concerns of the participants. This is intended to counteract the high dropout rates in classical literacy courses. The exchanges between trainers and organisations working with REFLECT in Morocco and West Africa, in particular in Mali, is an example of successful South-South cooperation. In addition, DVV International cooperates with the Agence Nationale de Lutte Contre l'analphabétisme – ANLCA (the agency for the fight against illiteracy) in the preparation of studies and guidelines as well as in the qualification of staff.
The most important partners of DVV International in Morocco are the four adult education centres, so-called Universités Pour Tous, in Rabat, Casablanca and Marrakech, which were founded in part by universities, and also arose partly from civil society initiatives. In addition, DVV International supports a network of 40 NGOs (Réseau Reflect Maroc) for the training of staff and the conducting of literacy courses. The central government partner is the Agence Nationale de Lutte Contre l'analphabétisme – ANLCA (the agency for the fight against illiteracy).